- 1 Introduction
- 2 Ground to ground range
- 3 Ground to air range
The maximum range is certainly one of the main characteristics of any LRS system. Even if you don’t plan to fly very far away, having a good range will ensure maximum safety for shorter distances.
Theoretical vs practical range
Nobody has reached yet the limit of ULRS, which is estimated to 112 km with full telemetry (see calculation here).
But rather than claims about theoretical range we prefer to show actual results obtained by real world users, with links to their posts and videos.
As users are pushing the range we’ll publish the new distance records here.
Remark about telemetry and range
It’s important to understand that the range is dependant on several factors such as the power, but also the bandwidth used.
This means that achieving a long distance with a low bandwidth is easier than with a large bandwidth. And the bandwidth depends mainly on the amount of data to be transmitted : for RC only a small bandwidth is required,and for RC + telemetry a larger bandwidth is required.
To give another example, for hams the longest distances are reached in morse (CW) rather than voice, this is because the bandwidth used to transmit morse is much narrower than for voice.
ULRS works with telemetry always active, which is the worst case as it implies a large bandwidth, but despite this it achieves impressive ranges as shown below.
Real world data with full telemetry
You’ll find below real world ranges obtained by ULRS users. Again, notice that the ranges below are obtained with full mavlink telemetry. It would be easy to obtain much larger ranges by using no telemetry and a narrower bandwidth, but ULRS is precisely made to obtain long range with RC and telemetry.
To this day no other LRS system provides user videos of flights with full telemetry for ranges similar to ULRS, or similar ground to ground ranges with telemetry.
Ground to ground range
Ground to ground means from a hill or mountain to another location on earth, usually another hill or mountain in direct view.
It’s much more difficult to obtain a good ground to ground range, this is a very good test of the system performances :
40 km ULRS ground to ground range achieved by jvargas on 14/9/2017
Yes I based on your ulrs mini board and squeezed to the maximun posible, but I think that I have mistakes on the schematic, the pinout of the arduinomini board and the atmel 328p chip its very confusing.
I have [made] some test, hill to hill ( 40 km pixhawk-pc link ) and flight about 15 km on a plane, I made Coax dipole for the ground station and plane, its works very good, share this schematic, if you take a look, now have a good RF filter on the power supply for the atmel 328 and the RFM23BP.
Its not necessary to put 1W of power to get long and stable distances, just you need a very low noise power supply and good antennas, that its the real improvement, if need a name for this board , just call it Q-Board =)
24 km ULRS ground to ground range achieved by jlcortex on 23/8/2016, 3 elements yagi
- Link to original post
- This test was performed with a non-modded Wolfbox giving about 400 mW only.
- Antenna used is a small 3 elements yagi on ground and a dipole on plane
- Non-optimized antennas
- jlcortex in known for his hybrid drone Hybrix
- User makes an interesting comparison with TBS Crossfire
I have made some successful test: Ground to ground tests estimated 27.5km, tested in real 24km.
I have been doing some range test on ground and on air. Our target is MAVLINK working so we don’t test if it have control (move servos or so), we check than we can upload a mission of 20 waypoints.
I use real distance and attenuators to test in short distances and extrapolate results. To test range with attenuators is very interesting because it is very easy and you can make tests quickly. We use to use the 30dBm attenuator
6db is 1/2 the range
12db is 1/4 the range
18db is 1/8 the range
24db is 1/16 the range
30db is 1/32 the range
Results: both using a yagi with 3 elements and a dipole on RX
Ground to ground (some month ago)
23.9km – Arming motors form Tower (Pixhawk android software)
Ground to air with 30dB attenuator (Today)
860m (estimated 27.5km without attenuator)
It can be improved because we are using wolfbox than get about 0.3W and we have not optimized antennas (diy antennas with not measurement equipment)
So i think 40km with full telemetry support is possible.
Very diferent than test made with TBS Crossfire!!!
Ground to ground (with 30dB attenuator) and standard dipoles30m!!! (900m without attenuator)
15 km ULRS ground to ground range achieved by athertop on 13/11/2016, moxon antenna
- link to original post
- Very bad weather conditions
Just performed range test from two hilltops 15km apart, in horrible rainy and windy weather (i was actually inside the rain cloud on my hilltop!)
I had my ULRS Tx setup (sponge board in project box on back of Taranis, with Teensy FrSky telemetry, and home made moxon antenna. My buddy had the plane on the other hilltop with the dolphon Rx embedded in wing with home made dipole. Running on 459MHz.
Worked flawlessly! It was showing 100% rssi – although I’m not sure how well tuned the pixhawk config is to deal with that analog output from the dolphin accurately. I put my radio down on the floor at one point and immediately lost telemetry, so rssi dropped to 0. My buddy did see the plane failsafe at that point (switched to RTL). Very impressed. Right, time to dry off 🙂
Ground to air range
35 km ULRS ground to air, 4 elements yagi
- Videos of user having flown with ULRS to 35 km (70 km total flight) : link
- Unmodified OrangeRX module providing only about 400 mW
- Good antennas as described here.
- User says he’s going almost daily to 40 km and this is limited by his plane.
26 km ULRS ground to air, dipole antennas
18 km ULRS ground to air, dipole antennas
- rcgroups user nopkorn provided this OSD screenshot, interesting because he was only using dipole antennas.
User flight videos
Many user videos of various ranges can be seen here.